Archive for the 'Salt Tolerant Plants' Category

Salt Tolerant Plants

An email came today asking for assistance with species that would grow in bore water with high salt readings. This is a difficulty for many in the mallee areas of South Australia and no doubt other parts of the country too. In many cases it becomes trial and error to see what  would grow in such a situation, but some lists have been compiled by members of the Australian Plants Society which give a good starting point.

There are some things to consider.

  • There is a need to ensure that watering is deep.
  • Choose plants from areas which have the same rainfall situation ie same amount of rain, at the same time of year. This is to ensure that plants will get minimum exposure to the high salinity.
  • If possible place highly desirable plants near an alternative water source, eg rain water, to get them well established without the saline water.

List of Australian Native Plants with salt tolerance.

1st Line Coast

Ground Covers, Climbers and Low Spreading Plants

Correa decumbens

Dianella revoluta

Eremophila glabra prostrate cerise form

Eremopohila glabra prostrate red form

Grevillea ‘Seaspray’

Isolepis nodosa

Kunzea pomifera

Leuocophyta brownii

Orthrosanthos laxus

Rhagodia spinescens

Scaevola crassifolia

Templetonia retusa prostrate form

Shrubs 1-2m

Atriplex cinerea

Callistemon rugulosus

Eremophila calorhabdos

Eremophila glabra (Rottnest Island)

Hakea cycloptera

Olearia axillaries

Templetonia retusa

Westringia fruticosa

Shrubs over 2m.

Atriplex nummularia

Callistemon teretifolius

Hakea drupacea

Melaleuca nesophila

More lists will be available soon.

Australian Native Plants for Seaside Gardens

This is the beginning of my list of plants suitable for seaside plantings. It is a good idea to use hedges or fences as wind breaks against the prevailing sea winds so that more tender plants can be planted on the lee side where they are less likely to be burnt by salt laden winds. Not having experience with this type of locality I am writing from observation, discussions with folk who do garden in this type of area and what I read.

I am choosing plants that are known to be also lime tolerant. My list also reflects drought tolerance. I will also have to do a list for those who do not need to worry about these other aspects.

Australian Native Plants for Seaside Gardens.


Acacia sophorae

Alyogyne hakiefolia

Banksia grandis

Banksia media

Banksia speciosa

Banksia spinulosa

Chamelaucium uncinatum

Correa alba

Correa backhousiana

Correa reflexa

Melaleuca armillaris

Melaleuca huegelii

Melaleuca hypericifolia

Melaleuca lanceolata

Myoporum acuminatum

Myoporum insulare

Myoporum viscosum

Olearia axillaris

Olearia glutinosa

Phymatocarpus porphyrocephalus

Rhagodia candolleana

Ricinocarpus pinifolius

Templetonia retusa

Westringea fruticosa

Seaside Plantings

I haven’t had good health lately and last week ran away for a week to a seaside suburb where I spent time with my sister who was recuperating from an operation. On our walks and drives I was taking particular note of the Australian native plants growing in the gardens. This area has alkaline soil and would be classed as second line coastal.

This is the next list that I need to develop-  Plants for Coastal areas which also have alkaline soils.

Mangrove Boardwalk

Salisbury City Council manages the Mangrove Boardwalk at St Kilda, SA. There is a good interpretive centre well worth spending time in before embarking on the walk. The information is easy to read by children and there are some interactive displays.

See my husband’s travel blog for more on this unique area.

I did not know that Mangroves (in this case the Grey Mangrove) have a most interesting method of propagation. After fertilzation occurs in the flower, the seed develops in the fruit. When ready to be shed, the ‘seed’ is actually a fully formed ‘seedling’ which will send down a root into the mud. The leaves are already formed. Apparently many are washed out to sea with the out going tides.

From the Boardwalk to Gulf St. Vincent

From the Boardwalk to Gulf St. Vincent

In order for the plant to get oxygen, the roots grow vertically from the mud. Some old trees send roots out from trunk and branches. One of the signs made the comment that some of the old trees in the Mangrove forest were probably there when Colonel William Light sailed past at the beginning of colonisation in South Australia.

Mangrove Forest showing roots

Mangrove Forest showing roots

The walking trail has been designed for wheel chairs and walkers. A small gopher would probably negotiate the trail well also.

St Kilda SA, Mangrove Area

We found ourselves not far from St Kilda, off Port Wakefield Rd. north of Adelaide today. Decided to have the full day off after losing the morning, so continued on to St Kilda. We had heard of the Mangrove Board Walk years ago and never got there. It is great. There is plenty in the vicinity for children to do.

Adventure Playground at St Kilda SA.

Adventure Playground at St Kilda SA.

There were children dressed up as pirates storming the ramparts and manning the ‘old wreck’ (maybe fans of ‘Pirates of the Carribean’!) Teenagers and young adults had fun on the big slide and flying fox. There is a nice grassed picnic area, lots of safe places for fishing and of course the board walk. We enjoyed late morning tea there and later, lunch. I always pack a thermos and food when we do things like this. It is much more interesting looking at plants and birds whilst having a cuppa than the four walls of a shop.

Typical Pose of Husband

Typical Pose of Husband

This is quite an exposed area of Gulf St. Vincent and plants must withstand the blast of salt winds. One of the toughest plants, obviously planted some time ago, is the old man salt bush, Atriplex nummularifolia. There are new plantings of other species that have been protected by a shade cloth wind break while the plants were small. They are now up above the fence and looking good.

New Plantings at St Kilda SA.

New Plantings at St Kilda SA.